To ensure that more young people are protected against HIV/AIDS infection as well as improving sanitary and hygiene conditions at schools
20% of all new infections in Tanzania occur in girls between the ages of 15 and 19.
About 1.4 million people in Tanzania are HIV-positive, Tanzania contributed 7% of all new HIV infections in the East and Southern Africa region and is the 5th largest contributor in the region.
Tanzania is therefore one of the countries falling short of the targets set by the WHO to prevent the spread of HIV. In Tanzania, about 20% of the population are between the ages of 15 and 19 and new infections are much more likely to affect girls. There is little awareness on HIV/AIDS also, gender inequality and stigma against people living with HIV are major barriers to HIV prevention in Tanzania. Young girls and women mostly suffer the negative consequences of HIV infections.
Fewer than half of 15 to 19-year olds are correctly informed about HIV/AIDS, although studies show that 45% of girls are already sexually active at this age.
Particularly in rural areas, “Sexual Reproductive Health Services and information” do not adequately reach young people. The special and sensitive needs of these young people are often overlooked in the provision sexual reproductive health services as well as national HIV/AIDS eradication strategies and programmes.
HIV/AIDS continues to be a taboo subject in Tanzania.
It is difficult to talk to children about sexuality either in school or at home. Jambo Bukoba actively address the issue of HIV/AIDS with specially developed games to overcome the perception of taboo among children, youth and adults.
The “Life Skills Through Games” concept specially developed for Jambo Bukoba is used in what are known as teacher workshops. Teachers are trained to build trusting relationships with children and young people through games and sport. Teachers also learn to create a comfortable and an enabling environment which makes it easier for both sides to talk about the sensitive issue of HIV/AIDS in order to communicate important messages and give pupils information, for example, about contraceptives and transmission process, menstrual hygiene.
Messages of prevention are continuously shared with children in sports class
The specially designed games create a positive mood among the children and young people and open the door for teachers to have follow-up conversations and provide information in a way that is appropriate for children.
Girls in particular are affected
52% of girls’ toilets in Tanzania don’t have doors which means that there is no privacy and this specifically affects girls.
Toilets with running water are not a matter of course at schools in Tanzania which is why girls, especially during puberty, stay away from school.
There are generally too few toilets: For example, 1,300 children at the Tumaini school have to share a toilet building with a total of eight toilets (four for boys and four for girls). This means that there is one toilet for roughly every 162 pupils.
Improving the water supply
The main challenge identified is that most schools do not have access to clean water. Nevertheless, an improved water supply in schools will positively impact the sanitary and general hygiene conditions which will also improve the lives of about 10 million children and young people. This, in turn, would lead to increased rates of attendance, improved cognitive abilities and better attention during class.
As a result, Jambo Bukoba supports schools and parents in the provision of toilet facilities and clean water a well as the renovation of already existing old sanitary facilities.
“The Jambo Bukoba games help me to concentrate better. Now I`m looking forward to school more and learn about HIV/AIDS.